Exposure Duration-Dependent Ovarian Recovery in Methoxychlor-Treated Mice

Lawrence V. Tannenbaum, Jodi A. Flaws

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The pesticide methoxychlor (MXC) is known to target ovarian antral follicles in the mouse. In previous in vivo studies, MXC administration for 20 days increased atresia, but did not affect female fertility immediately after dosing. Thus, we hypothesized that perhaps not enough time had elapsed between the onset of MXC-induced atresia and actual follicle loss to result in reduced fertility. The current study was undertaken to determine whether MXC treatment for 20 days results in reduced antral follicle numbers and fertility at 30 and 60 days after dosing. To test this hypothesis, adult CD-1 female mice were dosed with vehicle control or MXC (64 mg/kg/day) for 20 days. At 30 and 60 days postdosing, the mice were either subjected to fertility tests or their ovaries were collected and subjected to histological evaluation of follicle numbers and atresia. The results indicate that at 30 days after the completion of dosing, MXC significantly increased atresia and reduced primordial and total follicle numbers, but did not affect fertility compared to controls. At 60 days after completion of dosing, MXC did not significantly affect fertility, follicle numbers, or atresia compared to controls. Collectively, these data indicate that the ovary may be able to recover from MXC treatment for 20 days.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBirth Defects Research Part B - Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology
StateAccepted/In press - 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Antral follicle
  • Atresia
  • Methoxychlor
  • Ovary
  • Recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Embryology
  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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