Experience of Spiritual Care in Cardiac Rehabilitation: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis

Mohammadali Hosseini, Patricia M. Davidson, Masoud Fallahi Khoshknab, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The aim of the study was to explore the experience of spiritual care among a cardiac rehabilitation team. Spiritual care is an important dimension of providing comprehensive care, and understanding the views of health professionals is pivotal to making recommendations for caring. This study used an interpretive phenomenological approach. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 13 cardiac rehabilitation professionals. Seven persons participated in individual interviews and six in focus group discussions. Data were analyzed using Smith and Osborn’s interpretative phenomenological analysis method. Study data were categorized into more than 150 initial themes, 12 clustered and four superordinate themes, included: ‘Helping patients to obtain a meaningful sense of being’, ‘Providing religious/spiritual focused care’, ‘holistic approach to rehabilitation is needed’ and ‘spirituality as a neglected aspect of rehabilitation’. Participants described that they did not have sufficient training in providing spiritual care. Nurses’ awareness of spiritual care meaning among a cardiac rehabilitation team is helping to respond to rehabilitation care in a holistic approach. Helping patients to get a meaningful sense of being is an important part of assisting in recovery and adjustment following an acute cardiac event. Providing clear guidelines and support for providing spiritual care in cardiac rehabilitation is required.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68-76
Number of pages9
JournalThe journal of pastoral care & counseling : JPCC
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2015


  • cardiac rehabilitation
  • phenomenology
  • spiritual care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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