The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-encoded virion infectivity factor (Vif) is required to inactivate the host restriction factor APOBEC3 by engaging Cullin 5 (Cul5)-RING ubiquitin ligase (CRL5). Core binding factor beta (CBF-β) is a novel regulator of Vif-CRL5 function; as yet, its mechanism of regulation remains unclear. In the present study, we demonstrate that CBF-β promotion of Vif-CRL5 assembly is independent of its influence on Vif stability and is also a conserved feature of primate lentiviral Vif proteins. Furthermore, CBF-β is critical for the formation of the Vif-ElonginB/ElonginC-Cul5 core E3 ubiquitin ligase complex in vitro. CBF-β from diverse vertebrate species supported HIV-1 Vif function, indicating the conserved nature of Vif-CBF-β interfaces. Considering the importance of the interaction between Vif and CBF-β in viral CRL5 function, disrupting this interaction represents an attractive pharmacological intervention against HIV-1.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science