Although thallium-201 is known to redistribute slowly into regions of ischemic myocardium after restoration of blood flow, it is not clear to what extent normalization of flow is an essential requirement for the redistribution process. In a search for a flow-independent component of thallium redistribution, 12 dogs with stenosis of the circumflex coronary artery underwent atrial pacing for either 20 minutes (group I, 6 dogs) or 2 hours (group II, 6 dogs). Radioactive thallium and radioactive microspheres, 7 to 10 μ, were injected after 10 minutes of atrial pacing in both groups. Pacing resulted in a 40 percent reduction in subendocardial blood flow to the circumflex-perfused myocardium in both groups I and II. This relative reduction in flow was maintained at a stable level over the 2 hour pacing period in group II. Thallium activity in the relatively ischemic zone was significantly greater in dogs with 2 hours of pacing (group II) than in those with 10 minutes of pacing (group I). Redistribution of thallium occurred despite the continued presence of reduced flow in circumflex-perfused endocardial tissue. These data suggest that a significant component of thallium redistribution may be flow-independent.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine