Evaluation of a comprehensive home-based midwifery programme in South Kalimantan, Indonesia

Carine Ronsmans, Achadi Endang, Supratikto Gunawan, Ali Zazri, Jeanne McDermott, Marge Koblinsky, Tom Marshall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


We report the findings of an evaluation of a programme in three districts in South Kalimantan, Indonesia, which consisted of the training, deployment and supervision of a large number of professional midwives in villages, an information, education and communication (IEC) strategy to increase use of village midwives for birth, and a district-based maternal and perinatal audit (MPA). Before the programme, the midwives had limited ability to manage obstetric complications, and 90% of births took place at home. Only 37% were attended by a skilled attendant. By 1998-99, 510 midwives were posted in the districts and skilled attendance at delivery had increased to 59%. Through in-service training, continuous supervision and participation in the audit system midwives also gained confidence and skills in the management of obstetric complications. Despite this, the proportion admitted to hospital for a caesarean section declined from 1.7 to 1.4% and the proportion admitted to hospital with a complication requiring a life-saving intervention declined from 1.1% to 0.7%. The strategy of a midwife in every village has dramatically increased skilled birth attendance, but does not yet provide specialized obstetric care for all women needing it. The high cost of emergency obstetric interventions may well be the most important obstacle to the use of hospital care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)799-810
Number of pages12
JournalTropical Medicine and International Health
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Audit
  • Evaluation
  • Home-birth
  • Indonesia
  • Maternal mortality
  • Midwife
  • Safe motherhood
  • Unmet obstetric need

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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