EUS-guided hydrogel microparticle injection in a cadaveric model

Seong Hun Kim, Kai Ding, Avani Rao, Jin He, Manoop S. Bhutani, Joseph M. Herman, Amol Narang, Eun Ji Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and Aims: A potential method to reduce gastrointestinal toxicity during radiation therapy in pancreatic head cancer is to create a physical space between the head of the pancreas (HOP) and the duodenum. To date, there have been early reports on the feasibility of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided hydrogel injection into the interface between the HOP and the duodenum to increase the peri-pancreatic space for radiotherapy. We aimed to evaluate the technical feasibility of EUS-guided hydrogel injection for the creation of space at the peri-pancreatic interface in a cadaveric model. Methods: Baseline abdominal computerized tomography (CT) was performed on three unfixed cadaveric specimens. The hydrogel was injected transduodenally into the interface between the HOP and duodenum using linear-array EUS and a 19G needle for fine needle aspiration (FNA). This procedure was repeated along the length of the HOP. CT imaging and gross dissection were performed after the procedure to confirm the localization of the hydrogel and to measure the distance between the HOP and the duodenum. Results: All cadavers underwent successful EUS-guided injection of the hydrogel. Cadavers 1, 2, and 3 were injected with 9.5, 27, and 10 cc of hydrogel, respectively; along the HOP, the formation of the peri-pancreatic space was a maximum size of 11.77, 13.20, and 12.89 mm, respectively. The hydrogel injections were clearly visualized as hyperechoic bullae during EUS and on post-procedure CT images without any artifacts in all cases. Conclusions: We demonstrated that EUS-guided delivery of hydrogel is feasible, and that it increases the peri-pancreatic space in a cadaveric model. The polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogel was clearly visible on EUS and CT, without significant artifacts. This may lead to new treatment approaches for pancreatic carcinomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-91
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of applied clinical medical physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • endosonography
  • hydrogel
  • pancreatic neoplasms
  • radiation
  • stereotactic body radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Radiation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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