Etiologies of bacterial meningitis in bangladesh: Results from a hospital-based study

Emily S. Gurley, M. Jahangir Hossain, Susan P. Montgomery, Lyle R. Petersen, James J. Sejvar, Leonard W. Mayer, Anne Whitney, Peter Dull, Nazmun Nahar, A. K.M.Rafique Uddin, M. Ekhlasur Rahman, A. R.M.Saifuddin Ekram, Stephen P. Luby, Robert F. Breiman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


We conducted a study at four hospitals from June 2003 to July 2005 to investigate the etiologies of bacterial meningitis in Bangladesh. A total of 2,609 patients met the clinical case definition, and 766 had cerebrospinal fluid tested by at least one of the following methods: latex agglutination, 16S rRNA gene sequencing, or real-time polymerase chain reaction for Neisseria meningitidis A and C, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib); culture results were noted from patient records. In total, 189 patients (24%) of those tested, representing all age groups, were diagnosed with bacterial meningitis; 136 (18%) had meningococcal, 23 (3%) had pneumococcal, and 25 (3%) had Hib infection. Twenty percent of patients with Hib meningitis (5/25) were > 15 years old. Case-fatality ratios were 10% for N. meningitidis, 22% for S. pneumoniae, and 24% for Hib. Bacterial meningitis from vaccine-preventable pathogens causes significant morbidity and mortality in Bangladesh in adults and children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)475-483
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases


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