Established and emerging effects of traffic-related air pollution

Mary Fox, Kirsten Koehler, Natalie Johnson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The World Health Organization estimates that about 4 million people die every year due to air pollution exposure including deaths from ischemic heart disease and stroke, respiratory diseases, and lung cancer. Transportation sector emissions are one of the major sources of air pollutants. In recent years, research on the health effects of traffic-related air pollution has expanded beyond respiratory, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases to include a growing literature on pregnancy, birth outcomes and development, neurotoxicity and various neurological diseases and disorders. This chapter describes the range of health effects that have been associated with traffic-related air pollution. Several special topics including cumulative risk assessment and environmental justice considerations related to traffic-related air pollution exposures are also presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTraffic-Related Air Pollution
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9780128181225
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • Birth outcomes
  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular and cardiometabolic diseases
  • Cumulative risk
  • Environmental justice
  • Exposure
  • Neurodevelopment
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Respiratory diseases
  • Traffic-related air pollutants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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