Esophageal malformations

Steven W. Bruch, Arnold G. Coran, Shaun M. Kunisaki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


LCs are rare congenital anomalies consisting of a midline defect along the posterior portion of the larynx and trachea as well as the anterior portion of the esophagus, leaving a communication between these structures of varying lengths. Pattersson carried out the first successful repair of a LC in 1955 [1]. Benjamin and Inglis classified LCs into four types. Type I is a supraglottic interarytenoid cleft. Type II extends into (but not through) the posterior cricoid lamina. Type III extends through the cricoid and can involve the cervical trachea. Type IV extends below the thoracic inlet [2].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric Thoracic Surgery
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Milan
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9788847052024
ISBN (Print)9788847052017
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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