EQUATION-FREE, COARSE-GRAINED MULTISCALE COMPUTATION: ENABLING MICROSCOPIC SIMULATORS TO PERFORM SYSTEM-LEVEL ANALYSIS*

Ioannis G. Kevrekidis, C. William Gear, James M. Hyman, Panagiotis G. Kevrekidis, Olof Runborg, Constantinos Theodoropoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present and discuss a framework for computer-aided multiscale analysis, which enables models at a fine (microscopic/stochastic) level of description to perform modeling tasks at a coarse (macroscopic, systems) level. These macroscopic modeling tasks, yielding information over long time and large space scales, are accomplished through appropriately initialized calls to the microscopic simulator for only short times and small spatial domains. Traditional modeling approaches first involve the derivation of macroscopic evolution equations (balances closed through constitutive relations). An arsenal of analytical and numerical techniques for the efficient solution of such evolution equations (usually Partial Differential Equations, PDEs) is then brought to bear on the problem. Our equation-free (EF) approach, introduced in [1], when successful, can bypass the derivation of the macroscopic evolution equations when these equations conceptually exist but are not available in closed form. We discuss how the mathematics-assisted development of a computational superstructure may enable alternative descriptions of the problem physics (e.g. Lattice Boltzmann (LB), kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) or Molecular Dynamics (MD) microscopic simulators, executed over relatively short time and space scales) to perform systems level tasks (integration over relatively large time and space scales,“coarse” bifurcation analysis, optimization, and control) directly. In effect, the procedure constitutes a system identification based, “closure-on-demand” computational toolkit, bridging microscopic/stochastic simulation with traditional continuum scientific computation and numerical analysis. We will briefly survey the application of these “numerical enabling technology” ideas through examples including the computation of coarsely self-similar solutions, and discuss various features, limitations and potential extensions of the approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)715-762
Number of pages48
JournalCommunications in Mathematical Sciences
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics

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