Enhanced viability imaging: Improved contrast in myocardial delayed enhancement using dual inversion time subtraction

Thomas K.F. Foo, Steven D. Wolff, Sandeep N. Gupta, Dara L. Kraitchman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


In delayed contrast-enhanced MRI for the assessment of myocardial viability, the TI time in a gated inversion-recovery segmented gradient echo sequence is usually selected to null signal from normal myocardium. Although this TI time generates good contrast between the enhancing infarcted tissue and normal myocardium, there is usually less contrast between the infarct and the blood pool. A subtractive technique utilizing two acquisitions at a long and short TI time is proposed to improve the delineation between infarct-blood and infarct-myocardium. The concept was demonstrated in six mongrel dogs with reperfused myocardial infarction. Infarct-normal myocardium contrast (signal difference) using the proposed enhanced viability imaging (ENVI) technique was 142 ± 50% (P < 0.001) that of standard magnitude inversion recovery (IR), while at the same TI time for the primary image, infarct-blood contrast, was 247 ± 136% (P < 0.002) that of magnitude IR. Accounting for increased noise due to the subtraction, signal difference-to-noise ratios (SDNR) did not show a significant change for infarct-myocardium but infarct-blood SDNR for ENVI was 174 ± 105% that of magnitude-IR (P < 0.03). Thus, marked improvement in the delineation of the infarcted zone was noted over a range of TI times.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1484-1489
Number of pages6
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2005


  • Cardiac imaging
  • Delayed enhancement imaging
  • Fast imaging
  • Inversion-recovery
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Myocardial viability
  • Pulse sequence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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