Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) embolization can serve as a crucial adjunct before surgical resection, a partial approach to target high-risk features, or, rarely, as a curative approach for high-risk, surgically inaccessible lesions. Specifically, embolization is a welcome surgical adjunct to reduce the size of medium to large AVMs, to target perforator supply, and/or to target the deep portion of a nidus. In addition, a crucial role for embolization is the targeting of associated aneurysms, particularly in the setting of a ruptured lesion, regardless of the subsequent therapeutic modality. Rarely, a deep, small ruptured AVM that cannot be accessed surgically may be embolized with intent to cure. This chapter will review patient selection, technical nuances, and published results for AVM embolization. With appropriate patient selection and well-defined goals of embolization, the risk of procedural morbidity can be outweighed by its benefit.