Endoscopic transoral approach to the lateral poststyloid space

Lifeng Li, Hongbo Xu, Nyall R. London, Ricardo L. Carrau, Yonggang Jin, Xiaohong Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The lateral poststyloid space (LPSS) located at the posterolateral aspect of the styloid process. This study aims to explore the anatomical relationships in LPSS via a transoral corridor, providing reference for addressing lesions extending to this region. An endoscopic transoral approach for exposure of the LPSS was performed on 6 cadaveric specimens (12 sides). Related landmarks were explored, and transoral extirpation of tumors extended into LPSS was employed in 12 patients. The deep lobe of the parotid gland, extratemporal facial nerve, and the accompanying artery in the LPSS were sufficiently exposed via the transoral corridor in all 12 cadaveric sides. The transoral corridor provided adequate exposure for tumors extending to the LPSS, and en bloc resection was achieved in these 12 patients. No facial nerve or vascular injury occurred, and no recurrence observed in this cohort with an average follow-up of 26 months. An endoscopic transoral approach provides a direct access to the LPSS. Appreciation of the anatomical relationships within the LPSS is valuable for employing a transoral extirpation of tumors extending to this specific region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)294-301
Number of pages8
JournalHead and Neck
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • lateral
  • parapharyngeal space
  • poststyloid space
  • styloid process
  • transoral

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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