Endoscope-assisted microsurgical retrosigmoid approach to the lateral posterior fossa: Cadaveric model and a review of literature

Mohammed A. Fouda, Yasser Jeelani, Abdulkarim Gokoglu, Rajiv R. Iyer, Alan R. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Background: The advancement of endoscopic techniques in the past decade has improved the surgical management of cerebellopontine angle (CPA) tumors. Endoscope-assisted microsurgery improves the ability to evaluate the extent of resection, achieve safe tumor resection and reduce the risk of surgery-related morbidity. Methods: In this study, we used a cadaveric model to demonstrate a step by step endoscope-assisted microsurgery of the retrosigmoid approach to the lateral posterior fossa. Results: Retrosigmoid craniotomies were performed on four latex-injected cadaver heads (eight CPAs). Microsurgical exposures were performed to identify neurovascular structures in each segment. 0° and 30° rigid endoscope lenses were subsequently introduced into each corridor and views were compared in this manner. Th endoscopic images were compared with the standard microscopic views to determine the degree of visualization with each technique. In each case, better visualization was provided by both the 0° and 30° endoscope lenses. Endoscopic views frequently clarified neurovascular relationships in obscured anatomic regions. Conclusion: Endoscope-assisted microsurgery could allow better visualization of various regions of the posterior fossa. Surgical planning for posterior fossa lesions should include consideration of this combined approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number416
JournalSurgical Neurology International
StatePublished - 2021


  • Cerebellopontine
  • Endoscope
  • Posterior fossa
  • Retrosigmoid
  • Visualization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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