Emergent extremism in a multi-agent model of religious clubs

Michael D. Makowsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


This paper extends the club model of religion to better account for observed patterns of extremism. We adapt existing models to a multi-agent framework and analyze the distribution of agents and clubs. We find that extremism is more successful when religious groups are able to produce close substitutes for standard goods and that increased access to publicly provided goods can reduce the extremist population share. Quantile regression modeling of data from a multi-nation survey and institutional indices corresponds to the model's key results. Our findings offer a potential theoretical mechanism behind research linking terrorist origination to civil liberties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-347
Number of pages21
JournalEconomic Inquiry
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics


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