Emergence of Unusual Opportunistic Pathogens in AIDS: A Review

Jeremy D. Gradon, Joseph G. Timpone, Steven M. Schnittman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    49 Scopus citations


    Opportunistic infections are a major cause of morbidity and death among patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), particularly late in the disease, when immunosuppression is severe. Some pathogens, such as Pneumocystis carinii and Toxoplasma gondii, are extremely common in this population and are readily recognized by clinicians caring for these patients. However, many other organisms occasionally cause conditions that clinically mimic the more commonly encountered pathogens. Clinicians must be alert to the threat posed by these less frequently occurring organisms and of the broader differential diagnosis that must be considered for infections in patients with HIV infection.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)134-157
    Number of pages24
    JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Jul 1992

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Microbiology (medical)
    • Infectious Diseases


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