Elusive structure of mammalian DGKs

Qianqian Ma, Lakshmi Srinivasan, Sandra B. Gabelli, Daniel M. Raben

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Mammalian diacylglycerol kinases (DGKs) are a group of enzymes that catalyze the ATP-dependent phosphorylation of diacylglycerol (DAG) to produce phosphatidic acid (PtdOH). In doing so, they modulate the levels of these two important signaling lipids. Currently, ten mammalian DGKs are organized into five classes that vary with respect to domain organization, regulation, and cellular/subcellular distribution. As lipids play critical roles in cells, it is not surprising that there is increasing interest in understanding the mechanism underlying the catalysis and regulation of lipid modulating enzymes such as DGKs. However, there are no solved 3D structures for any of the eukaryotic DGKs. In this review, we summarize what is known and the current challenges in determining the structures of these important enzymes. In addition to gain critical insights into their mechanisms of catalysis and regulation, DGK structures will provide a platform for the design of isoform specific inhibitors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100847
JournalAdvances in Biological Regulation
StatePublished - Jan 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research


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