Electronic noise modeling in statistical iterative reconstruction

Jingyan Xu, Benjamin M.W. Tsui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


We consider electronic noise modeling in tomographic image reconstruction when the measured signal is the sum of a Gaussian distributed electronic noise component and another random variable whose log-likelihood function satisfies a certain linearity condition. Examples of such likelihood functions include the Poisson distribution and an exponential dispersion (ED) model that can approximate the signal statistics in integration mode X-ray detectors. We formulate the image reconstruction problem as a maximum-likelihood estimation problem. Using an expectation-maximization approach, we demonstrate that a reconstruction algorithm can be obtained following a simple substitution rule from the one previously derived without electronic noise considerations. To illustrate the applicability of the substitution rule, we present examples of a fully iterative reconstruction algorithm and a sinogram smoothing algorithm both in transmission CT reconstruction when the measured signal contains additive electronic noise. Our simulation studies show the potential usefulness of accurate electronic noise modeling in low-dose CT applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1228-1238
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2009


  • Compound Poisson distribution
  • Electronic noise
  • Low dose X-ray CT
  • Sinogram restoration
  • Statistical image reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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