Electromyography of the pharyngeal musculature: Technical considerations

Jeffrey B. Palmer, Eiichi Tanaka, Arthur A. Siebens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Thirty-one EMG studies of the pharyngeal musculature using three types of electrodes were performed. Electrode characteristics are compared according to criteria developed specifically for the pharynx; techniques for electrode positioning are described in detail; and technical difficulties encountered in performing these studies are discussed. Needle electrodes were best for analyzing individual potentials. For analyzing the timing of myoelectric activity, we preferred the hooked wire electrode (for palatopharyngeus or cricopharyngeus) or bipolar suction electrode (for pharyngeal constrictors). Pharyngeal electromyography is technically feasible and has a role in studying normal and pathologic processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-287
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1989


  • Deglutition
  • Electrodes
  • Electromyography
  • Pharynx

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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