Each of four monkeys was trained to slow its heart rate and to speed its heart rate. Mean blood pressure was positively correlated with heart rate during speeding and during slowing. These correlations increased from early training to late training for all animals during slowing; however, they did not change during speeding. High voltage in the 8-14 Hz band of the EEG was correlated negatively with heart rate; however, the correlations were insignificant or low. The correlations between EEG changes and heart rate changes increased (became more negative) during the late phase of slow training but did not change reliably during speeding training. Baseline levels in all physiological functions changed as a function of stage of training. Response patterns during escape behavior indicate dissociation of heart rate and blood pressure, whereas response patterns during avoidance behavior show correlation of heart rate and blood pressure. The findings indicate that the physiological effects of heart rate slowing and heart rate speeding are different and not merely mirror images of one another.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology