Background - The purpose of this study was to systematically study diagnostic and prognostic electrocardiographic (ECG) characteristics of arrhythmogenic right ventricle dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C). Methods and Results - The patient population included 50 patients with ARVD/C (27 males, 23 females; mean age 38±15 years). We also analyzed the ECG of 50 age- and gender-matched normal control subject and 28 consecutive patients who presented with right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) tachycardia. Right bundle-branch block (RBBB) was present in 11 patients (22%). T-wave inversions in V 1 through V3 were observed in 85% of ARVD/C patients in the absence of RBBB compared with none in RVOT and normal controls, respectively (P<0.0001); epsilon waves were seen in 33%, and a QRS duration ≥110 ms in V1 through V3 was present in 64% of patients. Among those without RBBB, our newly proposed criterion of "prolonged S-wave upstroke in V1 through V3" ≥55 ms was the most prevalent ECG feature (95%) and correlated with disease severity and induction of VT on electrophysiological study. This feature also best distinguished ARVD/C (diffuse and localized) from RVOT. Conclusions - A prolonged S-wave upstroke in V 1 through V3 is the most frequent ECG finding in ARVD/C and should be considered as a diagnostic ECG marker.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Sep 21 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)