Egfr amplification specific gene expression in phyllodes tumours of the breast

Konstantin Agelopoulos, Christian Kersting, Eberhard Korsching, Hartmut Schmidt, Arno Kuijper, Christian August, Pia Wülfing, Joke Tio, Werner Boecker, Paulus Joannes van Diest, Burkhard Brandt, Horst Buerger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Background: Recently, we were able to show that amplifications of the epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr) gene and the overexpression of EGFR were associated with the initiation and progression of phyllodes tumours. Methods: In order to gain further insights into regulation mechanisms associated with egfr amplifications and EGFR expression in phyllodes tumours, we performed global gene expression analysis (Affymetrix A133.2) on a series of 10 phyllodes tumours, of these three with and seven without amplifications of an important regulatory repeat in intron 1 of egfr (CA-SSR I). The results were verified and extended by means of immunohistochemistry using the tissue microarray method on an extensively characterized series of 58 phyllodes tumours with antibodies against caveolin-1, eps15, EGF, TGF-α, pErk, pAkt and mdm2. Results: We were able to show that the presence of egfr CA-SSR I amplifications in phyllodes tumours was associated with 230 differentially expressed genes. Caveolin-1 and eps15, involved in EGFR turnover and signalling, were regulated differentially on the RNA and protein level proportionally to egfr gene dosage. Further immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the expression of caveolin-1 and eps15 were also significantly correlated with the expression of pAkt (p<0.05), pERK (p<0.05), mdm2 (p<0.01) and EGF (p<0.001 for caveolin-1). Eps15 and pERK were further associated with tumour grade (p<0.01 and p<0.001, respectively). Conclusion: Our results show that amplifications within regulatory sequences of egfr are associated with the expression of eps15 and caveolin-1, indicating an increased turnover of EGFR. The interplay between EGFR and caveolin-1, eps15, pAkt, mdm2 and pERK therefore seems to present a major molecular pathway in carcinogenesis and progression of breast phyllodes tumours.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)443-451
Number of pages9
JournalCellular Oncology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Caveolin-1
  • Eps15
  • Phyllodes tumours
  • egfr

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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