Efficacy of Early Inpatient Rehabilitation of Post-COVID-19 Survivors: Single-Center Retrospective Analysis

Ning Cao, Jaclyn Barcikowski, Franklin Womble, Bianca Martinez, Yevgeniya Sergeyenko, Jacob H. Koffer, Michael Kwasniewski, Thomas Watanabe, Rui Xiao, Alberto Esquenazi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective The aim of this study was to understand the demographic, clinical characteristics, and effectiveness of early inpatient rehabilitation of post-COVID survivors. Design A single-center retrospective chart review analysis of 100 patients admitted to a newly created acute COVID rehabilitation unit (CORE+) from April to December 2020 was conducted. Results The demographic and clinical characteristics and complications of 100 post-COVID patients were reviewed. Functional outcomes of GG Self-care and Mobility Activities Items (Section GG0130 and GG0170) of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services of the Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Patient Assessment Instrument (Version 3.0) at admission and discharge, prevalence of oxygen requirement, the need for cognitive and neuropsychology support by discharge, and dispositions after completion of inpatient rehabilitation facility stay were analyzed. The functional outcomes of 59 primary pulmonary manifestations of COVID patients were further analyzed based on the presence of intensive care unit stay before transfer to the COVID rehabilitation unit. Most patients demonstrated significant functional gains after completion of inpatient rehabilitation facility stay; however, a considerable number of patients continued to require cognitive support by discharge. Conclusion The data suggested the benefit of early rehabilitation for hospitalized post-COVID patients. Services need to be geared to include patients' cognitive deficits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)498-503
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Functional Outcomes
  • Inpatient Rehabilitation
  • Post-COVID
  • Post-ICU Syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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