Efficacy and safety of ganirelix acetate versus leuprolide acetate in women undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation

Margo Fluker, James Grifo, Arthur Leader, Michael Levy, David Meldrum, Suheil J. Muasher, John Rinehart, Zev Rosenwaks, Richard T. Scott, William Schoolcraft, Daniel B. Shapiro, Keith Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

209 Scopus citations


Objective: To assess the efficacy, safety, and local tolerance of ganirelix acetate for the inhibition of premature luteinizing hormone (LH) surges in women undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). Design: Phase III, multicenter, open-label randomized trial. Setting: In vitro fertilization (IVF) centers in North America.Patient(s): Healthy female partners (n = 313) in subfertile couples for whom COH and IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection were indicated.Intervention(s): Patients were randomized to receive one COH cycle with ganirelix or the reference treatment, a long protocol of leuprolide acetate in conjunction with follitropin-β for injection. Outcome Measure(s): Number of oocytes retrieved, pregnancy rates, endocrine variables, and safety variables. Result(s): The mean number of oocytes retrieved per attempt was 11.6 in the ganirelix group and 14.1 in the leuprolide group. Fertilization rates were 62.4% and 61.9% in the ganirelix and leuprolide groups, respectively, and implantation rates were 21.1% and 26.1%. Clinical and ongoing pregnancy rates per attempt were 35.4% and 30.8% in the ganirelix group and 38.4% and 36.4% in the leuprolide acetate group. Fewer moderate and severe injection site reactions were reported with ganirelix (11.9% and 0.6%) than with leuprolide (24.4% and 1.1%). Conclusion(s): Ganirelix is effective, safe, and well tolerated. Compared with leuprolide acetate, ganirelix therapy has a shorter duration and fewer injections but produces a similar pregnancy rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-45
Number of pages8
JournalFertility and sterility
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Antagon
  • Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation
  • Embryo quality
  • Fertilization
  • Ganirelix acetate
  • Implantation rate
  • In vitro fertilization
  • Infertility
  • Leuprolide acetate
  • Oocyte
  • Open-label
  • Pregnancy rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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