Effectiveness of Difluprednate for the Treatment of Anterior Scleritis

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PURPOSE: To describe the effectiveness and side effect profile of difluprednate therapy in a series of patients with anterior scleritis. DESIGN: Retrospective, interventional case series. METHODS: Data collected from all patients with anterior scleritis who used difluprednate as a single treatment agent from January 1, 2018, to January 1, 2020, including demographics, scleritis type, presence of nodules or necrosis, changes in scleritis activity, intraocular pressure (IOP), number of difluprednate drops used, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and lens status. The primary outcome was clinical resolution of scleritis. Secondary outcomes included BCVA loss ≥2 lines, change in lens status or cataract surgery, and IOP ≥24 mm Hg. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients (35 eyes) were analyzed. The median age was 60 years (range 13-78); 60% were female; 64% were White. Forty percent had bilateral disease, and 44% of patients had an associated systemic disease. The majority of eyes (66%) had diffuse anterior scleritis. Eighty-three percent of eyes achieved resolution of scleritis, with a median time of resolution of 6 weeks. Eyes treated with an initial dose of ≥4 times daily were more likely to achieve disease resolution (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.43, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.19, 9.88, P = .02). Nine eyes had IOP elevation. Four eyes lost ≥2 lines of BCVA, and 1 due to cataract progression. One eye underwent cataract surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Difluprednate alone may effectively treat non-infectious anterior scleritis with a tolerable side effect profile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-177
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
StatePublished - Mar 2022


  • IOP-lowering drops
  • cataract
  • difluprednate
  • intraocular Pressure
  • scleritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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