Effect of nocturnal atrial demand cardiac pacing on diurnal hemodynamic patterns

B. T. Engel, M. I. Talan, P. H. Chew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), intra-arterial blood pressure, and central venous pressure were recorded on a beat-to-beat basis, 18 h/day (1800-1200 h the following day), for ~2 mo in four monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Cardiac output, left ventricular work, and total peripheral resistance were derived from these primary measurements. During the 1st mo we measured these parameters under control conditions, and during the 2nd mo the animals were studied while HR was paced by atrial demand pacing sufficient to prevent the normal nocturnal fall in HR (~10 beats/min above the fastest hourly average rate recorded during the control condition). The main hypothesis of this study was that when HR is prevented from falling, SV, which normally does not fall overnight, would fall; this hypothesis was confirmed. In addition, we observed that, during the period of pacing, relative to the control period, SV was ~14% greater during the early evening and 4% lower during the early morning; total peripheral resistance was similar during the early evening but was 13% higher by morning. Throughout the night, systolic pressure was ~4% greater, diastolic pressure was 17% higher, central venous pressure was 43% greater, and left ventricular work was 27% higher. These findings show that when HR is prevented from falling overnight by atrial demand pacing, even to a relatively modest degree, there can be very significant sustained changes in cardiovascular function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1798-1802
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992


  • cardiac work
  • circadian
  • plasma volume

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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