Effect of nitrogen dioxide on the EPR property of lithium octa-n-butoxy 2,3-naphthalocyanine (LiNc-BuO) microcrystals

Ramasamy P. Pandian, Vinh Dang, Periakaruppan T. Manoharan, Jay L. Zweier, Periannan Kuppusamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Lithium octa-n-butoxy-naphthalocyanine (LiNc-BuO) is a stable free radical that can be detected by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. Previously we have reported that microcrystals of LiNc-BuO exhibit a single sharp EPR peak, whose width varies linearly with the partial pressure of paramagnetic molecules such as oxygen and nitric oxide. In this report, we present the effect of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), which is also a paramagnetic molecule, on the EPR properties of LiNc-BuO. The gas-sensing property of LiNc-BuO is attributed to the open molecular framework of the crystal structure which is arranged with wide channels capable of accommodating large molecules such as NO2. The EPR linewidth of LiNc-BuO was highly sensitive to the partial pressure of NO2 in the gas mixture. The line-broadening was quick and reversible in the short-term for low concentration of NO2. However, the EPR signal intensity decreased with time of exposure, apparently due to a reaction of NO2 with LiNc-BuO crystals to give diamagnetic products. The results suggested that LiNc-BuO may be a useful probe for the determination of trace amounts of NO2 using EPR spectroscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-161
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR)
  • Naphthalocyanine
  • Nitric oxide
  • Nitrogen dioxide
  • Oxygen
  • Phthalocyanine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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