Effect of digital problem-based learning cases on student learning outcomes in ophthalmology courses

Jun Kong, Xiaoyan Li, Youdong Wang, Wei Sun, Jinsong Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess the impact of digital problembased learning (PBL) cases on student learning in ophthalmology courses. Methods: Ninety students were randomly divided into 3 classes (30 students per class). The first class studied under a didactic model. The other 2 classes were divided into 6 groups (10 students per group) and received PBL teaching; 3 groups studied via cases presented in digital form and the others studied via paper-form cases. The results of theoretical and case analysis examinations were analyzed using the χ2 test. Student performance on the interval practice was analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test. Questionnaires were used to evaluate student and facilitator perceptions. Results: Students in the digital groups exhibited better performance in the practice procedures according to tutorial evaluations compared with the other groups (P<.05). The 2 PBL classes had significantly higher mean results of theoretical and case analysis examinations (P<.001), but there was no significant difference between the 2 PBL classes. Ninety-three percent of students in the digital groups (vs 73% in the paper groups) noted that the cases greatly stimulated their interest. Conclusions: Introducing PBL into ophthalmology could improve educational quality and effectiveness. Digital PBL cases stimulate interest and motivate students to further improve diagnosis and problem-handling skills.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1211-1214
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of ophthalmology
Volume127
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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