The effect of an endogenous calcium-binding protein, calmodulin, on basal and dopamine-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in rat striatum was studied. Basal adenylate cyclase activity in a rat striatal particulate preparation depleted of calmodulin was stimulated by calmodulin as well as the guanyl nucleotides, guanosine triphosphate and guanyl-5'-yl-imidodiphosphate. The presence of guanyl nucleotides was required for dopamine stimulation of adenylate cyclase activity in the membrane preparation. Calcium inhibited dopamine-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity, decreasing the maximal velocity by 50%. When calmodulin was added to the assay with calcium, the V(max) was restored to that found in the absence of calcium and the K(act) for dopamine was further decreased more than 2-fold. The effects of calmodulin on basal and dopamine-sensitive adenylate cyclase activity were specific for calmodulin, since these effects were not obtained in the presence of troponin C, a calcium-binding protein from muscle. This work demonstrates that calmodulin is important both for the sensitivity of striatal adenylate cyclase to dopamine and the maximal velocity of the reaction. Furthermore, this work suggests that, in the presence of physiological concentrations of calcium, dopamine stimulation would be curtailed unless calmodulin were present.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1981|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine