Effect of barium on cell volume regulation in rabbit proximal straight tubules

P. A. Welling, M. A. Linshaw, L. P. Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Rabbit proximal straight tubules swell abruptly when exposed to hypotonic medium but then shrink in a few minutes as they approach their base-line volume following loss of solute and water. Potassium, the major intracellular cation, as well as sodium, is lost during this process. In the present experiments, we studied hypotonic cell volume regulation in the presence of barium, an agent reported to decrease potassium permeability. Exposure to BaCl2 significantly prolonged hypotonic volume recovery in a dose-dependent manner. Tubules depleted of potassium and loaded with sodium chloride by exposure to 10-4M ouabain for 1 h swelled osmometrically and subsequently volume regulated in dilute medium. Volume regulation in such tubules is a consequence of transbasement membrane hydrostatic forces. By contrast, tubules similarly loaded with sodium, but also exposed to 10-3M BaCl2, volume regulated only minimally in dilute medium, suggesting BaCl2 might also affect sodium movement. However, hypotonic volume regulation was restored in sodium-loaded BaCl2-treated tubules when cells were more effectively depleted of potassium by incubation in 0-mM potassium medium. We conclude that barium retards hypotonic volume regulation primarily because of its effect on potassium movement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F20-F27
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of barium on cell volume regulation in rabbit proximal straight tubules'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this