Background-Structural valve deterioration (SVD) is a major flaw of bioprostheses. Early SVD has been suspected in the last models of Mitroflow bioprosthesis. We sought to assess the incidence, mode, and impact of SVD on outcome in a large series of Mitroflow aortic valve replacement.
Methods and Results-Six hundred seventeenconsecutive patients (aged 76.1±6.3 years) underwent aortic valve replacement with a Mitroflow prosthesis (models 12A/LX) between 2002 and 2007. By echocardiography, 39 patients developed early SVD (1.66% per patient-year), with stenosis as the main mode (n=36). Mean delay to SVD was only 3.8±1.4 years, and 5-year SVD-free survival was 91.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 88.7-94.7) for the whole cohort and 79.8% (95% CI, 71.2-89.4) and 94.0% (95% CI, 90.3-97.8) for 19- and 21-mm sizes, respectively. Among the 39 patients with SVD, 13 patients (33%) had an accelerated SVD once the mean gradient exceeded 30 mm Hg. Valve-related death was 46.2% in this SVD subgroup. Five-year overall survival was 69.6% (95% CI, 65.7-73.9). In multivariable analysis, SVD was the strongest correlate of overall mortality (hazard ratio=7.7; 95% CI, 4.4-13.6).
Conclusions-Early SVD is frequent in Mitroflow bioprosthesis (models 12A/LX), especially for small sizes (19 and 21 mm), and reduces overall survival. An unpredictable accelerated pattern of SVD constitutes a life-threatening condition. In view of the large number of Mitroflow valves implanted worldwide, one can expect an epidemic of SVD and valverelated deaths, which represents a major public health issue, especially in the elderly. Hence, a close follow-up with yearly echocardiography after Mitroflow implantation is advisable. An urgent reoperation should be discussed in patients with severe SVD even though they are still asymptomatic.
- Aortic stenosis
- Cardiac valves
- Survival analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine