Dynamic regulation of ryanodine receptor type 1 (RyR1) channel activity by Homer 1

Wei Feng, Jiancheng Tu, Pierre Pouliquin, Elaine Cabrales, Xiaohua Shen, Angela Dulhunty, Paul F. Worley, Paul D. Allen, Isaac N. Pessah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Homer, a family of scaffolding proteins originally identified in neurons, is also expressed in skeletal muscle. Previous studies showed that splice variants of Homer 1 (H1) amplify the gain of the ryanodine receptor type 1 (RyR1) channel complex. Using [3H]ryanodine ([3H]Ry) to probe the conformational state of RyR1, the actions of long- and short-forms of H1 are examined singly and in combination. At ≤200 nM, H1 long-forms (H1b or H1c possessing coiled-coil (CC) domains) and short-forms (H1a or H1EVH1 lacking CC domains) enhance specific [3H]Ry binding to RyR1. However, at a concentration >200 nM, either H1 form completely inhibited [3H]Ry binding. Importantly, the combinations of H1c + H1EVH1, or H1b + H1a acted in an additive manner to enhance or inhibit [3H]Ry-binding activity. H1a and H1c individually or in combination produced the same dynamic pattern in regulating purified RyR1 channels reconstituted in planar lipid bilayers. In combination, their net action on RyR1 channels depends on total concentrations of H1. These data provide a mechanism by which constitutively and transiently expressed H1 forms can tightly regulate RyR1 channel activity in response to changing levels of expression and degradation of H1 proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-314
Number of pages8
JournalCell Calcium
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2008


  • Calcium release channel
  • EVH1
  • Homer
  • Ryanodine receptor
  • Sarcoplasmic reticulum
  • Skeletal muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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