Dynamic Regulation of a Ribosome Rescue Pathway in Erythroid Cells and Platelets

Eric W. Mills, Jamie Wangen, Rachel Green, Nicholas T. Ingolia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


Protein synthesis continues in platelets and maturing reticulocytes, although these blood cells lack nuclei and do not make new mRNA or ribosomes. Here, we analyze translation in primary human cells from anucleate lineages by ribosome profiling and uncover a dramatic accumulation of post-termination unrecycled ribosomes in the 3' UTRs of mRNAs. We demonstrate that these ribosomes accumulate as a result of the natural loss of the ribosome recycling factor ABCE1 during terminal differentiation. Induction of the ribosome rescue factors PELO and HBS1L is required to support protein synthesis when ABCE1 levels fall and for hemoglobin production during blood cell development. Our observations suggest that this distinctive loss of ABCE1 in anucleate blood lineages could sensitize them to defects in ribosome homeostasis, perhaps explaining in part why genetic defects in the fundamental process of ribosome production (“ribosomopathies”) often affect hematopoiesis specifically.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalCell Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 27 2016


  • Dom34
  • Pelota
  • erythropoiesis
  • reticulocyte
  • ribosome recycling
  • ribosome rescue
  • thrombopoiesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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