Objective: To examine the efficacy of dual medication therapy (intervention) (DMT: acetaminophen and ibuprofen) vs. single medication therapy (control) (SMT: ibuprofen) for medical management of PDA (outcomes) in preterm infants (population). Study design: We systematically searched multiple sources to identify randomized controlled trials (RCT) and non-randomized studies (NRS) that compared DMT to SMT for management of hemodynamically significant PDA. Results: We identified two RCTs and four NRS. There were no differences in the rates of successful PDA closure following the first treatment course between DMT and SMT (RR = 1.23 [95% CI 0.89–1.70] for NRS and RR = 1.18 [95% CI 0.66–2.10] for RCTs), nor were there significant differences in secondary outcomes and adverse events including PDA ligation, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and necrotizing enterocolitis etc. Markers of hepatic/renal function did not change significantly during treatment. Conclusion: We found no evidence for superiority of DMT over SMT in PDA management.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health