Double azeotropy in binary mixtures of NH3 and CHF2CF3

C. P. Chai Kao, M. E. Paulaitis, A. Yokozeki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Vapor-liquid equilibrium pressures have been measured as a function of overall composition for binary mixtures of NH3 and CHF2CF3 at constant temperatures of - 19.00, 3.23, 35.00, and 49.90°C. The coexistence curves for vapor-liquid equilibrium at each temperature were regressed from these measurements using a modified form of the Peng-Robinson equation of state to calculate molar volumes and the fugacities of each component in the two phases. The coexistence curves at 35.00 and 49.90°C exhibit both a maximum and a minimum in pressure, establishing the existence of double azeotropes at these two temperatures. The double azeotropes are unusual in that they exist at temperatures for which the vapor pressures of the two components are notably different. Double azeotropy is attributed to the weak association of NH3 in the liquid phase, leading to the maximum-pressure azeotrope at high NH3 concentrations, and to similar vapor pressures for unassociated NH3 and CHF2CF3 in nearly ideal (Raoult's law) dilute NH3 solutions, which leads to the minimum-pressure azeotrope.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-203
Number of pages13
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jan 15 1997


  • Ammonia
  • Binary mixtures
  • Double azeotrope
  • Equation of state
  • Fluorocarbons
  • NH/CHFCF mixtures
  • VLE data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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