Do Attending and Trainee Surgeons Agree on What Happens in the Operating Room During Septoplasty?

John F. Ryan, Anand Malpani, Hajira Naz, Kofi D.O. Boahene, Ira D. Papel, Theda C. Kontis, Jessica H. Maxwell, Francis X. Creighton, Patrick J Byrne, John R. Wanamaker, Gregory D. Hager, S. Swaroop Vedula, Sonya Malekzadeh, Lisa E. Ishii, Masaru Ishii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Surgeons must select cases whose complexity aligns with their skill set. Objectives: To determine how accurately trainees report involvement in procedures, judge case complexity, and assess their own skills. Methods: We recruited attendings and trainees from two otolaryngology departments. After performing septoplasty, they completed identical surveys regarding case complexity, achievement of goals, who performed which steps, and trainee skill using the septoplasty global assessment tool (SGAT) and visual analog scale (VAS). Agreement regarding which steps were performed by the trainee was assessed with Cohen's kappa coefficients (κ). Correlations between trainee and attending responses were measured with Spearman's correlation coefficients (rho). Results: Seven attendings and 42 trainees completed 181 paired surveys. Trainees and attendings sometimes disagreed about which steps were performed by trainees (range of κ = 0.743-0.846). Correlation between attending and trainee responses was low for VAS skill ratings (range of rho = 0.12-0.34), SGAT questions (range of rho = 0.03-0.53), and evaluation of case complexity (range of rho = 0.24-0.48). Conclusion: Trainees sometimes disagree with attendings about which septoplasty steps they perform and are limited in their ability to judge complexity, goals, and their skill.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)472-477
Number of pages6
JournalFacial Plastic Surgery and Aesthetic Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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