Humoral and cellular immune responses have been produced by intramuscular vaccination with DNA plasmids expressing HIV-1 genes, suggesting possible immunotherapeutic and prophylactic value for these constructs. Vaccination with these constructs has decreased HIV-1 viral load in HIV-1-infected chimpanzees. In addition, naive (i.e. non-HIV-1-infected) chimpanzees were protected against a heterologous challenge with HIV-1. Ongoing phase I clinical trials show that therapeutic vaccinations indeed boost anti-HIV-1 immune responses in humans. A therapeutic phase I trial on humans with these constructs induced a good safety profile and also demonstrated an immunological potentiation. These findings indicate that further studies with these constructs in humans are warranted.
- DNA plasmid vaccination
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- General Immunology and Microbiology
- General Veterinary
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases