DNA quantitation of distal bile duct carcinoma measured by image and flow cytometry

Arjen M. Rijken, Jeroen A M Belien, Thomas M. Van Gulik, Mirjam M. Polak, G. Johan A Offerhaus, Dirk J. Gouma, Jan P A Baak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate discrepancies between flow cytometry (FCM) and image cytometry (ICM), ploidy incidence and relation between DNA ploidies and survival in distal bile duct carcinomas (DBDCs). STUDY DESIGN: Forty-four archival tumor samples from patients with DBDC who underwent subtotal pancreatoduodenectomy from 1985 to 1996 were examined for DNA ploidy using FCM and ICM. RESULTS: Overall, 59% (26/44) of the tumors were aneuploid by at least one of the two techniques. We detected more cases of aneuploidy with ICM than FCM in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded DBDCs, 62% (21/34) versus 33% (13/40), respectively. When results could be compared, moderate strength of agreement (κ = .45) was demonstrated. No correlation was found between DNA ploidy by FCM, ICM or combined FCM-ICM and survival time (P = .80, P = .35, and P = .54, respectively). CONCLUSION: Approximately 59% of DNA histograms contained aneuploid cell populations. Although ICM, as compared to FCM, is more sensitive in assessing the ploidy status of DBDC, both methods were complementary. Most discrepancies between FCM and ICM were due to the dilution of aneuploid populations by nonneoplastic diploid cells. DNA ploidy assessment in DBDC did not offer the possibility of improving the ability to predict survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-310
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical and Quantitative Cytology and Histology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Bile duct neoplasms
  • DNA
  • DNA quantitation
  • Flow cytometry
  • Image cytometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology


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