Diverting ileostomy during primary debulking surgery for ovarian cancer: Associated factors and postoperative outcomes

Jill H. Tseng, Rudy S. Suidan, Oliver Zivanovic, Ginger J. Gardner, Yukio Sonoda, Douglas A. Levine, Nadeem R. Abu-Rustum, William P. Tew, Dennis S. Chi, Kara Long Roche

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Objective To examine the use, as well as postoperative and long-term oncologic outcomes of diverting loop ileostomy (DI) during primary debulking surgery (PDS) for ovarian cancer. Methods Patients with stage II-IV ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal carcinoma who underwent colon resection during PDS from 1/2005–1/2014 were identified. Demographic and clinical data were analyzed. Results Of 331 patients, 320 (97%) had stage III/IV disease and 278 (84%) had disease of high-grade serous histology. Forty-four (13%) underwent a DI. There were no significant differences in age, comorbidity index, smoking status, serum albumin, or attending surgeon between the DI and non-DI groups. Operative time (OR = 1.21; 95% CI, 1.03–1.42; p = 0.02) and length of rectosigmoid resection (OR = 1.04; 95% CI, 1.01–1.08; p = 0.02) were predictors of DI on multivariable analysis. The overall anastomotic leak rate was 6%. A comparison of groups (DI vs non-DI) showed no significant differences in major complications (30% vs 23%; p = 0.41), anastomotic leak rate (5% vs 7%; p = 0.60), hospital length of stay (10 vs 9 days; p = 0.25), readmission rate (23% vs 17%; p = 0.33), or interval to postoperative chemotherapy (41 vs 40 days; p = 0.20), respectively. Ileostomy reversal was successful in 89% of patients. Median follow-up was 52.6 months. There were no differences in median progression-free (17.9 vs 18.6 months; p = 0.88) and overall survival (48.7 vs 63.8 months; p = 0.25) between the groups. Conclusions In patients undergoing PDS, those with longer operative time and greater length of rectosigmoid resection more commonly underwent DI. DI does not appear to compromise postoperative outcomes or long-term survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-224
Number of pages8
JournalGynecologic oncology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016


  • Anastomotic leak
  • Diverting ileostomy
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Postoperative outcomes
  • Primary debulking surgery
  • Rectosigmoid resection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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