Distribution along a stages-of-behavioral-change continuum for condom and contraceptive use among women accessed in different settings

Patricia O'Campo, Linda Fogarty, Andrea C. Gielen, Kay Armstrong, Lisa Bond, Christine Galavotti, Brian M. Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The numbers of women of childbearing age in the US with HIV and AIDS from heterosexual transmission continues to rise. Behavioral interventions remain the best means of preventing transmission of HIV. Program planners often implement interventions to promote behavioral change in a wide range of settings such as family planning or sexually transmitted disease clinics, drug treatment facilities, or medical facilities that serve high risk and HIV positive women. Women recruited in different types of settings, however, may differ with respect to their experience with, attitudes toward, and willingness to use condoms and contraception. Such differences should be considered when tailoring interventions to the populations being served. We examined the readiness to use condoms and contraception among 3784 women in four cities recruited in three different types of settings: community, facilities not targeted to HIV positive women and medical facilities for HIV positive populations. Readiness to use condoms or contraception was measured using The Transtheoretical Model of Change. Women reported being in different stages along the continuum of condom and contraceptive use in the three settings. A greater proportion of women in the HIV-facility, 45%, had used condoms consistently for the previous 6 months compared to women in the other two settings (12% and 11%). Similarly, variation across settings was seen for contemplation of consistent contraceptive use to prevent unintended pregnancies. The variability in the distribution of condom and contraceptive use across settings underscores the importance of assessing the readiness for the behavior change and designing interventions that meet the specific needs of the populations being served.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-72
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Community Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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