The sensitivity of the control of glycolysis was studied in the wild-type (WT) strain CEN.PK122 and in isogenic catabolite-repression mutants growing in carbon-limited, aerobic chemostat cultures at different dilution rates, D. Based on a model of glycolysis in which the glucose transport step was considered reversible and inhibited by glucose-6-phosphate (G6P), the matrix method of metabolic control analysis was applied. In the present work, we report that the control of glycolysis was significantly distributed between the glucose uptake, hexokinase, and phosphofructokinase steps. The flux control properties were sensitive to the glucose gradient through the membrane and the extent of inhibition of the transport by G6P as parameters of the glucose-uptake kinetics in all strains tested. In the WT strain at low and high D, most of the control was exerted by the phosphofructokinase (PFK)-catalyzed step. In the cat1 mutant, the step catalysed by PFK was the most rate controlling while in the cat3 strain, the control was shared between the PFK, hexokinase (HK), and glucose transport steps. On the other hand, the mig1 mutant exhibited high control by the glucose transporter depending on the glucose gradient across the membrane. The results obtained are discussed in terms of the dependence upon the type of metabolism displayed by yeast and the kinetics of the sugar transport step.
- Catabolite-repression mutants
- Continuous cultures
- Metabolic control analysis
- Saccharomyces cervisiae
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology