Disaster Preparedness Resource Allocation and Technical Support for Native American Tribes in California

Rachel I. Lawrence, Atif Adam, Semran K. Mann, Walleska Bliss, Jesse C. Bliss, Manjit Randhawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The evaluation aims to assess emergency preparedness (EP) among Native American tribes in California to inform future development of priorities and strategies for improvement. The analysis explores funding barriers and gaps in resource availability. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was designed to explore four aspects of EP: 1) perceptions of preparedness; 2) funding mechanisms; 3) resource availability; and 4) plans for future preparedness efforts. The survey was conducted online, by telephone, fax, or mail. Analysis includes National Incident Management System (NIMS) and Standardized Emergency Management System (SEMS) compliance, and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) approval of disaster mitigation plans. Results and Discussion: Findings represent 40% of the federally-recognized California tribes. Participants included: tribal chairpersons and administrators, emergency services managers, fire chiefs, police chiefs, and environmental directors. Results indicated low awareness of funding regulations and instructional opportunities yet high interest; high dependency on external EP response resources; and needed improvements in community involvement. Conclusion: Partnerships with local emergency preparedness and academic organizations and improved communication are recommended to bridge gaps in resources and awareness. This evaluation provides one of the first systematic assessments of EP achievements and gaps among Native American tribes in California. Future studies are needed to explore these preliminary findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-365
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • American Indian
  • Native American
  • Tribal
  • disasters
  • emergency preparedness
  • survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research


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