Disability, dependency, and demoralization

D. L. Tweed, D. L. Shern, J. A. Ciarlo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


A person with disabilities faces adaptive problems which can have serious consequences for his/her emotional health. This paper explores the relationships between degree of functional disability, demoralization, and suicidal ideation. The analysis is guided by a theoretical framework which suggests that the relationship between disability and demoralization is a function of the level of dependency and the invasiveness of the dependency into the personal/private aspects of the individual's life. Data were derived from a state-wide sample of individuals residing in Colorado. A sample of 4,745 individuals was sorted into one of five dependency/invasiveness classes on the basis of their responses to a 'level-of-disability' checklist. Using the CES-D as a measure of demoralization, the results indicated that there is a strong relationship between demoralization and our disability/invasiveness classes. Significant differences were also found in terms of suicidal ideation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-154
Number of pages12
JournalRehabilitation Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Health Professions(all)


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