Dimensions of anger and CHD in men and women: Self-ratings versus spouse ratings

Aron W. Siegman, Susan T. Townsend, Roger S. Blumenthal, John D. Sorkin, A. Cahid Civelek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


One hundred one males and 95 females referred for thallium stress testing were administered Spielberger's State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI), the Ho scale cynicism items, the Cynical Beliefs Scale, and Bendig's Manifest Anxiety Scale. A subset of 53 males and 43 females was rated by their spouses by means of STAXI. Based on the thallium findings and their medical history, patients were classified either as healthy, or as having documented CHD, or as questionable. Patients' STAXI and cynicism measures were submitted to a principal-components analysis which yielded three factors: Impulsive Anger-out, In-wardly experienced anger, and Cynicism. The relationships between factor scores and documented CHD was determined by means of logistic regression analyses. Only Impulsive Anger- lout correlated (positively) with CHD, but only when based on spouses' ratings and only in males (p < .01, RR = 3.13). Covarying traditional risk factors and cynicism did not attenuate this relationship. However, a significant relationship between Ho scale cynicism and CHD did not survive adjustment for traditional risk factors. Anxiety was not a risk factor for CHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-336
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1998


  • Anger-in
  • Anger-out
  • Anxiety
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Cynical mistrust

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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