Background:Diagnostic error is prevalent and costly, occurring in up to 15% of US medical encounters and affecting up to 5% of the US population. One-third of malpractice payments are related to diagnostic error. A complex and specialized diagnostic process makes neuro-ophthalmologic conditions particularly vulnerable to diagnostic error.Evidence Acquisition:English-language literature on diagnostic errors in neuro-ophthalmology and neurology was identified through electronic search of PubMed and Google Scholar and hand search.Results:Studies investigating diagnostic error of neuro-ophthalmologic conditions have revealed misdiagnosis rates as high as 60%-70% before evaluation by a neuro-ophthalmology specialist, resulting in unnecessary tests and treatments. Correct performance and interpretation of the physical examination, appropriate ordering and interpretation of neuroimaging tests, and generation of a differential diagnosis were identified as pitfalls in the diagnostic process. Most studies did not directly assess patient harms or financial costs of diagnostic error.Conclusions:As an emerging field, diagnostic error in neuro-ophthalmology offers rich opportunities for further research and improvement of quality of care.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology