Diagnosis and management of Sjögren’s syndrome related dry eye

Vatinee Y. Bunya, John A. Gonzales, Michael E. Sulewski, Mina Massaro-Giordano, Stephen E. Orlin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Proper diagnosis and management of dry eye in Sjögren’s syndrome (SS) necessitates a comprehensive evaluation by a cornea specialist or an experienced eye care provider to determine the severity of involvement and mechanism of dryness. Treatments must be individualized for every patient by utilizing a stepwise approach, and may include lifestyle modifications, tear replacement or conservation, use of topical anti-inflammatory agents, secretagogues, and/or attention to eyelid hygiene. The SS patient who uses contact lenses or will undergo ocular surface surgery warrants additional, special consideration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSjogren’s Syndrome
Subtitle of host publicationA Clinical Handbook
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9780323675345
ISBN (Print)9780323675352
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Corneal neuropathy
  • Diagnosis
  • Dry eye
  • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  • Management
  • Meibomian gland dysfunction
  • Sjögren’s syndrome
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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