Diabetes and the female disadvantage

Mark Woodward, Sanne Ae Peters, Rachel R. Huxley

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


We have produced compelling evidence that women are subject to a higher relative increase in their risk of coronary heart disease and stroke following a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes. Thus, in terms of vascular risk, diabetes confers a female disadvantage. This excess risk could be due to three main factors. First, it is conceivable that this is merely a mathematical artifact caused by the relatively low background rate for cardiovascular diseases among women, compared with men. Second, it could be due to women receiving poorer care following their diagnosis of diabetes than men; for instance, due to physician bias. Third, certain underlying biological differences in women and men, most likely related to the distribution of body fat, could explain this female disadvantage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)833-839
Number of pages7
JournalWomen's Health
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2015


  • coronary heart disease
  • diabetes
  • stroke
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Diabetes and the female disadvantage'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this