Developmental data on individuals with the Brachmann-de Lange syndrome

A. D. Kline, C. Stanley, J. Belevich, K. Brodsky, M. Barr, L. G. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


One hundred twenty-two patients with clinically confirmed Brachmann-de Lange syndrome (BDLS) were evaluated developmentally. Recruitment was made from our genetics department and through meetings of the Cornelia de Lange Syndrome Foundation parent support group. Developmental information was obtained from records of physicians, schools and developmental centers, or from parents on each of the 122 individuals, allowing division into four groups for study: group 1 (n = 48) underwent formal developmental assessments, which generated intelligence or developmental quotients, and had a completed parental questionnaire with specific developmental questions regarding ages of skills mastered; group II (n = 23) had additional developmental records available without formal testing, as well as the questionnaire; group III (n = 22) had only a completed questionnaire; and group IV (n = 29) had formal developmental testing or other developmental records but no available questionnaire. These data were analyzed in order to be able to predict attainable psychomotor development. Average scores on formal testing were found to be in the mild to moderate level of mental retardation, ranging from below 30 to 85, with an average intelligence quotient of 53, higher than previously reported. Visual-spatial memory and perceptual organization skills were found to be strengths. Younger individuals born before 1980 demonstrated higher scores on testing. Early intervention appears to play a major role in the level of developmental achievement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1053-1058
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of medical genetics
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • Brachmann-de Lange syndrome
  • developmental data
  • early intervention
  • mental retardation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)


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