Development of the Work-Family Interface Scale

Barbara Curbow, Karen McDonnell, Kai Spratt, Joan Griffin, Jacqueline Agnew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Based on a series of qualitative and quantitative studies, a 20-item measure of work-family interface was developed and tested with a group of 188 childcare providers. The instrument, the Work-Family Interface Scale (W-FIS), had an overall alpha of .90 and a mean inter-item correlation (MIC) of .31. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to test a five-factor structure with supportive evidence emerging. The factors were named General Overload (4 items), Conflict of Family to Work (4 items), Spillover of Family to Work (4 items), Spillover of Work to Family (3 items), and Conflict of Work to Family (5 items). Alpha coefficients were (in order) .85, .73, .83, .74, and .86; MICs were .59, .43, .55, .48, and .56. Multivariate analyses indicated that when entered into a regression analysis with job demands, job control, and job resources, only the W-FIS and job resources were related to depression symptoms (R2=.23). Work-family interface was found to mediate the association between job demands and depression symptoms; and the interaction term between job resources and work-family interface was significant when added to the regression analysis (p<.0001). Regression lines for low, medium, and high levels on work-family interface indicated that high levels of work-family interference and low job resources are associated with higher levels of depression symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)310-330
Number of pages21
JournalEarly Childhood Research Quarterly
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2003


  • Childcare providers
  • Depression symptoms
  • Work-family interface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Development of the Work-Family Interface Scale'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this