Development of a questionnaire to measure visual functioning in persons with myopia

S. Vitale, O. D. Schein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose. To develop a questionnaire to measure visual functioning (ability to carry out daily activities), symptoms, and satisfaction with vision in persons with myopia. The questionnaire will be useful in evaluating outcomes for clinical trials of refractive surgery. Methods. A focus group discussion with eye care providers was held to explore issues related to problems and complaints about vision expressed by patients with myopia. Results from this and from patient focus groups will provide the items for the questionnaire. The questionnaire will be pilot tested in persons with myopia, and its validity and consistency will be determined by factor analysis. Results. Four major domains were identified: mechanical (sore ears, sore nose, fogging, and slipping for spectacles, inconvenience of solutions and wearing time for contact lenses), cosmetic (appearance), optical (image minification, loss of visual field), and psychological (self-perception as handicapped, feeling dependent on the lenses, feeling different). A wide variation in satisfaction with vision and with optical corrections was described. Conclusion. It is important to identify issues relevant to self-reported visual functioning in myopes to allow more thorough assessment of outcomes of refractive surgery, as well as to provide a basis for defining relative utilities of different treatment modalities for myopia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S303
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 15 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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